Granular Pharyngitis: Everything You Need to Know
This condition, which affects the mucous membrane of the pharynx and generates granulations on the surface, can become uncomfortable.
Therefore, in this article, we will address in detail what it is, its causes, symptoms, types, diagnosis, treatment, and how to prevent this specific form of pharyngitis.
What is Granular Pharyngitis?
It is a variant of chronic pharyngitis characterized by the formation of small bumps, called granulations, at the back of the throat.
These granulations can vary in size and appearance.
Causes of Granular Pharyngitis
The specific causes of granular pharyngitis can be diverse, but commonly relate to:
- Chronic Respiratory Infections: Persistent infections can trigger chronic irritation of the pharynx.
- Gastroesophageal Reflux (GERD): Stomach acid rising can irritate the throat.
- Exposure to Irritants: Tobacco smoke, pollutants, and other irritants can contribute.
Symptoms of Granular Pharyngitis
The symptoms of granular pharyngitis may include:
- Persistent cough.
- Feeling of a foreign body in the throat.
- Chronic sore throat.
- Difficulty swallowing.
Types of Chronic Pharyngitis
Simple Chronic Pharyngitis
Characterized by persistent inflammation of the pharynx without the formation of granulations.
Purulent and Mucopurulent Chronic Pharyngitis
Accompanied by purulent secretions that may contribute to the formation of granulations.
Granular Chronic Pharyngitis
The specific variant addressed in this article, marked by the presence of granulations in the pharynx.
Atrophic Chronic Pharyngitis
Characterized by thinning of the pharyngeal mucosa and sometimes the presence of dry secretions.
Diagnosis of Granular Pharyngitis
Diagnosis involves a physical examination of the throat, in some cases with endoscopy, and analysis of the patient’s chronic symptoms.
At this point, it is appropriate to have a trusted ENT doctor who provides personalized evaluation until issuing an accurate diagnosis.
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With Dr. Lech, you can get close and personalized attention to determine the condition of your throat.
Treatment and Management of Granular Pharyngitis
Treatment may include:
- Antibiotics: To treat underlying infections.
- Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs): If reflux is suspected.
- Surgery: In severe cases, removal of granulations through surgical intervention may be considered.
Prevention of Granular Pharyngitis
- Avoiding irritants: Reduce exposure to smoke and other irritants.
- Managing Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): If it is a contributing factor.
Granular pharyngitis is a treatable condition, and early attention can significantly improve the patient’s quality of life.
If you experience persistent symptoms, seeking evaluation from an otolaryngologist is crucial for an accurate diagnosis and an effective treatment plan.
Dr. Lech can help improve granular pharyngitis.
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