Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)
What is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)?
It is a common disorder of the inner ear that causes a sensation of dizziness or vertigo.
It affects people of all ages but is more common in older adults.
Causes of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo:
BPPV occurs when tiny calcium particles in the inner ear become dislodged and move into the semicircular canals of the inner ear.
These particles can disrupt the normal balance of fluid in the inner ear, leading to a sensation of vertigo or dizziness.
Symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo:
They include a sudden sensation of dizziness or vertigo that occurs when the head changes position, such as when leaning forward, turning in bed, or standing up from a chair.
The vertigo typically lasts only a few seconds but can be very intense. Nausea, cold sweats, and heart palpitations may also be experienced.
Diagnosis of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo:
The diagnosis of BPPV is made through a clinical evaluation and a test known as the Dix-Hallpike maneuver.
This test involves lying down on an examination table and moving the head into certain positions to assess the presence and location of the calcium particles in the inner ear.
It should be performed by an otolaryngologist to identify the condition and recommend the best treatment.
Treatments for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo:
Treatment involves specific maneuvers designed to help move the calcium particles into a position where they no longer cause vertigo.
The most common maneuver is the canalith repositioning procedure, which involves moving the head into certain positions to shift the calcium particles to a stable position.
This maneuver is often very effective and can relieve symptoms in just one or two sessions.
You can seek an appointment with Dr. Lech and restore your quality of life.
How to prevent benign paroxysmal positional vertigo:
There are some measures that can help prevent BPPV.
These include avoiding sudden changes in head position, sleeping with the head slightly elevated, and regularly performing balance exercises.
Additionally, if experiencing symptoms of vertigo, it is important to seek immediate medical attention.
Do you need help in treating or identifying benign paroxysmal positional vertigo?
Dr. Lech is an otolaryngologist and can assist you. Schedule an appointment with him, and together, you can work towards recovering your quality of life.