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Nasal obstruction treatment

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What is Nasal Obstruction?

Nasal obstruction happens when one or both nasal cavities become blocked and make it difficult to breathe through the nose. There are several causes that can prevent airflow through the nose.

The runny nose due to a cold causes nasal congestion.

However, when the symptom persists after the discomfort goes away or appears for no apparent reason it may be the product of other more serious condition that should be treated by an otolaryngologist.

Nasal obstruction can be caused by different problems such as: deviated septum, nasal polyps, rhinitis, adenoids, enlarged turbinates, cysts, tumors, sinus infection, etc.

Is important that if you think you suffer from any of these conditions you should go to a doctor who will identify the main reason and recommend a specific treatment.

Qué Es La Obstrucción Nasal

How to know if you have a nasal obstruction? What are the symptoms?

The main symptom is the inability to breathe through the nose; air does not pass through nose cavity as it was meant to be naturally, this symptom can be confused with the discomfort of a common cold. There are other conditions that accompany nasal obstruction:

Cómo Saber Si Tienes Una Obstrucción Nasal

Facial pain:

Severe or moderate pressure or discomfort may be felt on one side of the face, it is quite common during sinusitis.

Nosebleeds:

When the sinuses and nose cavity are blocked, they may be dryness and this generates bleeding due to irritation.

Noisy breathing during sleep:

Nasal blockage is one of the main reasons for snoring, especially in people with deviated septums.

Lack of mental concentration:

Brain oxygenation is interrupted and intellectual normality is affected in the long term.

Low physical condition:

You can feel tired when doing sports and have a low performance on the jobs or during physical activities.

Meet Dr. Lech (ENT)

Do you identify with the symptoms exposed? Do you think you need medical attention? Dr. Lech wants to help you find your wellness

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Tratamiento De La Obstrucción Nasal

Nasal obstruction treatment

Treatment will depend on the diagnosis dictated by the otolaryngologist. If you feel you are suffering from nasal obstruction you can make an appointment with Dr. Lech located in Panama to find a quick solution.

When the cause of the obstruction is established, the treatment can be defined as medical, non-surgical or surgical.

Non-surgical treatment

It has a pharmacological principle that works in cases of allergic rhinitis or sinusitis. Is recommended that the patient takes anti-allergic inhalers and corticosteroids to improve the condition and get the nasal cavity back to normal. 

Saline cleansing is also an option for those cases of mucus or cold. 

Surgical treatment

This surgical treatment consists in unblocking the nose cavities, this case is possible to remove cysts or tumors, extract nasal polyps, reconstruct the deviated septum, treat turbinates or adenoids, depending on the case of each patient.

This is the most effective method to solve nasal obstruction.

Nasal obstruction types

The level of obstruction is differentiated down to a type in order to provide information that is more assertive to patients.

For example:

Chronic nasal obstruction

Is diagnosed when the patient has more than three consecutive months of nasal blockage.

Nasal obstruction severe

This type of pathology happens when the patient has suffered it for a period of less than three months.

Turbinate hypertrophy

Is a condition where the size of the turbinates inside the nose increases and causes an obstruction.

Bilateral nasal obstruction

Causes breathing difficulty on both sides of the nose and is usually due to allergic and inflammatory causes like rhinitis and sinusitis.

Tipos De Obstrucción Nasal
Por Qué Es Tan Importante Tratar La Obstrucción Nasal

Why is it so important to treat nasal obstruction? What consequences does it brings?

Is a pathology that must be treated quickly to avoid consequences. It is important to know that not being able to breathe properly the body begins to have an oxygen deficit that can affect the general health of the patient.

Side effects involves respiratory problems, infections of the larynx and pharynx, decreased of sense of smell, ventilatory failure, cardiovascular problems and sexual dysfunction.

It is therefore necessary to treat the pathology as quickly as possible before it worsens to long term health.

Causes of nasal obstruction.

Nasal obstruction or congestion can be triggered by several factors; the main cause must be determined in order to recommend a treatment to solve the problem, such as: 

  • Septal deviation: The cartilage that separates the nostrils from the nose can become modified and cause an interruption in the passage of air during breathing. This problem in the septum may be due to a genetic condition or physical damage as a result of traumatic injury. 
  • Tumor or polyp growth: This is the accelerated growth of tissues in the nose which end up becoming dumplings that block nasal function. It is the least common condition for the diagnosis of nasal obstruction. 
  • Allergic reaction: Patients with a history of allergic rhinitis may develop chronic nasal congestion, as well as when exposed to foods to which they are intolerant and even to allergy-causing drugs. 
  • Virus cold: Virus infection also causes nasal obstruction, although it is accompanied by a variety of additional symptoms that may be mistaken for rhinitis. 
  • Presence of foreign objects in the nose: Pediatric patients especially can suffer from this problem. Thanks to their curiosity, they can introduce various small objects in the nose that end up blocking its functioning. All this without the parents noticing it. 
  • Exposure to toxic gases: This group includes all those chemicals that emanate gases and are inhaled by the patient, such as: cigarette or tobacco smoke, carbon dioxide from cars, bathroom cleaners, decongestant medications, perfumed fragrances, etc. 
  • Emotional factors: Some cases of nasal obstruction or congestion are related to patients’ emotional burdens, stress, anxiety and depression can be situations that trigger this symptom. 
Ampliacion De Obstruccion Nasal

Can nasal obstruction be prevented?

Yes, it can. Methods to prevent nasal obstruction are based on avoiding the conditions that trigger nasal obstruction. That is, maintaining a routine of virus and/or allergy prevention, e.g., frequent hand washing helps prevent virus infection as well as avoiding allergens helps minimize rhinitis. 

By keeping under control the conditions that have nasal obstruction as a symptom, it is possible to avoid this discomfort. 

Remember that nasal obstruction can lead to chronic conditions due to oxygen deficiency that can cause a decrease in the amount of air passing through the nose. 

Frequently asked questions

Yes, the development of nasal obstruction causes the air the patient gets to go directly to the pharynx causing irritation to the vocal cords. 

The time of this discomfort will depend on the type of condition that causes it. For example, a common cold may disappear within 3 to 7 days, while cases of rhinitis or tumors require a longer and more specific treatment. 

 

Consultation with an otolaryngologist to know the diagnosis of your discomfort and to define the most efficient route of treatment. 

 

Dr. Lech is an otolaryngology specialist in Panama and can help you. Schedule an appointment. 

 

There are several treatments that help reduce nasal congestion, whose application will depend on the cause of the obstruction. However, here are some options: 

 

  • Nasal irrigation: They clean the mucus, bacteria or allergens that cause irritation of the nose and free the sinuses. 
  • Steam bath: Steam expands and relieves inflammation of the nose. Essences such as eucalyptus, mint or peppermint can be added to the water to help with the expansion process. 

The process consists of boiling water, removing it from the fire and taking advantage of the hot steam to inhale it. Its effectiveness can be increased by covering the face with a towel in front of the pot. It is important to do it at a safe distance and be careful not to burn the skin of the face. 

No, decongestant medications fulfill their function during the period recommended by an ENT physician. After a prolonged period of time, the body develops resistance and the drug loses its effectiveness in decongestion. Besides, it can generate an adverse effect and become an irritant product of the nasal passages. 

 

Consult with a medical specialist in the area to determine the ideal treatment for your case. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Lech. 

Need help with your nasal obstruction? Dr. Lech can help

Excelente
A base de 80 reseñas
Laura Ruiz Ruiz
LAURA RUIZ RUIZ
2022-06-21
La verdad mi hija y yo nos sentimos muy bien atendidas por el el dr. Lech, estamos siguiendo el tratamiento lo cual ha estado haciendo un buen efecto en ella y mejorando su calidad de vida. Muy agradecida siempre!!!
Yanixa Baloy
Yanixa Baloy
2022-05-19
Excelente Dr. Muy amable y excelente atención..lo recomiendo.
Xiomara Pinillo
Xiomara Pinillo
2022-05-19
Buen Dia Esperando todo se encuentren bien.- Lo que puedo comentarle es q el Dr. Lech es una excelente persona, no solo como medico sino como un ser humano, es muy especial en la atencion a sus paciente.- Soy fiel testigo de eso porque lo he vivido y he escuchado de otras persona y colegas. Bendiciones a tod@s.-
Michel Guerrero
Michel Guerrero
2022-04-25
Excelente su atención, muy empático y atento, muchas gracias, lo recomiendo.
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