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Chronic sore throat

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What is chronic sore throat?

Chronic sore throat is a condition in which one experiences persistent pain, irritation, or discomfort in the throat over a prolonged period. It is characterized by the persistence of symptoms for several weeks or even months.

A sore throat is defined as an unpleasant sensation that burns or hurts when swallowing. It presents with throat clearing, dryness or hoarseness. When this situation lasts for a prolonged period of time, it is considered chronic.  

Chronic sore throat can have several causes, mostly infections that can be dangerous for the patient’s health. It is important to look for the cause of the condition as soon as possible in order to offer an effective solution to the patient. 

Although it may seem like a single disease, the truth is that there are some variants that can be generated by the cause and that represent an important change in the treatment recommendation. See the types below. 

Symptoms of chronic sore throat

Symptoms can vary in intensity and may include pain, burning sensation, irritation, dryness, a feeling of a foreign body, or difficulty swallowing.

 The constant presence of these symptoms can affect the quality of life and overall well-being of the patient. Therefore, it is recommended to visit a specialist who can address the problem at its root.

Causes of chronic sore throat:

Some situations that can lead to this condition are: 

Allergic reaction:

The body may irritate and inflame the throat as a method of defense against a pathogen. This cause can be identified by other symptoms, such as rashes, eye irritation, sneezing.  In these cases, it is best to recognize and avoid the allergy-causing element, which is likely to be airborne and can contaminate the patient's airways. 

Postnasal drip

It may be caused by other reasons and indirectly lead to laryngitis. Mucus draining from the sinuses affects the back of the throat and causes discomfort, such as nighttime coughing, nausea, need to swallow to lighten the throat.  This condition occurs without fever and most often causes bad breath. 

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD):

Chronic acid reflux from the stomach to the esophagus and throat can cause inflammation and chronic throat pain.

Exposure to Tobacco Smoke:

Smoking or constant exposure to tobacco smoke can irritate the throat and cause chronic pain.

Alcohol Consumption:

Excessive and frequent alcohol consumption can lead to throat irritation and dryness, resulting in chronic pain.

Causas Del Dolor Cronico De Garganta

Dry Environments:

Continuous exposure to dry or low-humidity environments can dry out the throat, triggering chronic pain and discomfort.

Hormonal Disorders:

Some hormonal disorders, such as hypothyroidism, can cause throat dryness and chronic pain.

Sufre Dolor Garganta Debido Virus O Infeccion 1

When to see a doctor?

It is advisable to see a doctor if you experience chronic sore throat that does not improve after several days or if the symptoms worsen over time. Medical attention should also be sought if additional symptoms such as fever, difficulty swallowing, changes in voice, or swollen lymph nodes are present. You can trust Dr. Lech, an otolaryngologist in Panama, who can help treat chronic sore throat. Through a comprehensive clinical evaluation, he can find the ideal treatment.

Meet Dr. Lech (ENT)

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Dr. Lech is an otolaryngologist in Panama

Is willing to help you regain your quality of life and breathe easier

Treatments for chronic sore throat

Once the type of chronic sore throat pain and its causes are identified, an ideal treatment can be defined. The ENT doctor will recommend a pharmacological option to eliminate the discomfort and restore the patient’s quality of life. 

Among the medication options are: antibiotics and antihistamines according to each particular case. If the problem persists and involves the tonsils, the doctor may recommend the removal of the tonsils. 

If the causes are due to reflux, an ideal treatment will be recommended to avoid it. In the case of metabolic pharyngitis, the necessary changes will be made to stabilize the disorder that causes it. 

It is important to note that you can avoid these discomforts by changing your habits and lifestyle. Some ideas are: 

Quitting smoking.

Reducing or eliminating the consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Consuming food and beverages at medium temperature and not hot.

Finding a balanced diet.

Increasing water intake.

Avoiding exposure to smoke, dust and/or polluted environments.

Types of chronic sore throats

Tipos De Dolores Crónicos De Garganta

Chronic laryngitis

It is a disease that focuses on the throat area. However, its particularity is that it affects the voice since inflammation due to infectious or allergic causes irritate and swell the vocal cords. If it occurs over a long period of time, more than six weeks, it is considered a chronic lesion. 

In most cases, laryngitis is caused by a virus and is not as serious. However, it is good to evaluate each case separately to avoid complications. 

Symptoms are: hoarseness, loss or decrease of voice, pain, dryness and dry cough. 

Hyperplastic pharyngitis

Pharyngitis is the inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa. It usually occurs due to bacterial or viral causes and is characterized by inflammation and irritation of the larynx. 

On the other hand, this disease presents itself in different ways. For example, hyperplastic pharyngitis is characterized by an enlargement of the pharyngeal glands, which increases mucus production and is described by the patient as a foreign body sensation. 

Tratamiento Efectivo
Dolor De Garganta, Sensación Desagradable

Granular pharyngitis

This is defined as a chronic condition of pharyngitis that develops inflammation of the lymph glands, resulting in granular mucus, difficulty swallowing, pain, and a need for constant throat clearing.

Hypertrophic pharyngitis

It is the same inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa. However, it presents different symptoms in addition to pain and difficulty in swallowing. In hypertrophic pharyngitis, superficial whitish ulcers are also formed as a result of the infection as well as fever and inflammation of the tonsils.

Chronic metabolic pharyngitis

This is a type of pharyngitis caused by other diseases that affect the patient’s metabolism, such as hormonal disorders: hyperthyroidism, menopause and even diabetes. To diagnose and treat these chronic cases, the patient’s history must be understood and the cause must be determined.

Dr. Lech is an otolaryngologist in Panama

Is willing to help you regain your quality of life and breathe easier

Preguntas Frecuentes Sobre El Dolor Crónico De La Garganta

Breathing through the mouth

It may be due to a nasal obstruction that invites the patient to breathe through the mouth, so that the air dries the mucous membrane of the throat and causes irritation. In addition, this increases the possibility of coming into contact with viruses and bacteria that cause further infection.

Viral infection

Any virus in the air can come into contact with the larynx, tonsils and pharynx when breathing. As the body’s method of defense, these organs become inflamed and prevent the virus from traveling into the lower respiratory tract.

Bacterial infection

There are several bacteria that can cause discomfort in the throat and treating them as soon as possible is key to avoid complications. Bacterial infections cause more serious symptoms, such as shortness of breath, muscle weakness, headache and, in some cases, asthma.

Frequently asked questions

Seeing a specialist is important. Dr. Lech, an otolaryngologist in Panama, can help you. 

Through specialized care, the doctor can find the cause of your pharyngitis and recommend the most appropriate medication as well as the dosage and how long to take it. 

You must trust the specialists to find an efficient solution. 

Fever occurs when there is bacterial or viral infection. When there is no fever, it may mean that the mucous membrane of the throat is irritated for other reasons, such as allergies, breathing through the mouth and even exposure to polluting gases such as chemicals. 

If the discomfort lasts for more than two weeks, even without fever, see a specialist who can help you recover your health. 

You can count on Dr. Lech, an ENT doctor who is ready to serve you. Schedule an appointment and let him help you regain your health.

Dr. Lech is an otolaryngologist in Panama

Is willing to help you regain your quality of life and breathe easier

Testimonials from Dr. Lech
Excelente
A base de 80 reseñas
Laura Ruiz Ruiz
LAURA RUIZ RUIZ
2022-06-21
La verdad mi hija y yo nos sentimos muy bien atendidas por el el dr. Lech, estamos siguiendo el tratamiento lo cual ha estado haciendo un buen efecto en ella y mejorando su calidad de vida. Muy agradecida siempre!!!
Yanixa Baloy
Yanixa Baloy
2022-05-19
Excelente Dr. Muy amable y excelente atención..lo recomiendo.
Xiomara Pinillo
Xiomara Pinillo
2022-05-19
Buen Dia Esperando todo se encuentren bien.- Lo que puedo comentarle es q el Dr. Lech es una excelente persona, no solo como medico sino como un ser humano, es muy especial en la atencion a sus paciente.- Soy fiel testigo de eso porque lo he vivido y he escuchado de otras persona y colegas. Bendiciones a tod@s.-
Michel Guerrero
Michel Guerrero
2022-04-25
Excelente su atención, muy empático y atento, muchas gracias, lo recomiendo.
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