What is laryngeal or throat cancer?
It is a type of cancer that originates in the cells lining the larynx, which is the structure located at the top of the trachea responsible for producing the voice.
This type of cancer can also affect the pharynx, which is the structure that connects the nose and mouth to the larynx and esophagus. In general, laryngeal and throat cancer is considered a type of head and neck cancer.
Symptoms of throat cancer.
Diagnosis of laryngeal or throat cancer.
The diagnostic process usually begins with a thorough medical review, which includes a review of the patient’s medical history, a detailed physical examination, and an evaluation of the symptoms and signs present.
If the doctor suspects there may be cancer, additional tests such as a biopsy, endoscopy, or computed tomography may be ordered.
Treatments for throat cancer.
The treatment of laryngeal or throat cancer will depend on several factors, including the location and size of the tumor, the extent of cancer spread, the patient's age, and overall health. Among the options are:
It is used to remove the tumor and may include partial or total removal of the larynx or pharynx. If the entire larynx is removed, the patient will need a tracheostomy to breathe.
A radiation-based treatment to destroy cancer cells and can be used before or after surgery.
It is a combination of drugs designed to destroy cancer cells and can be used in combination with radiation therapy.
In some cases, rehabilitation therapy may be necessary after treatment to help the patient regain the ability to speak and swallow.
It is important to note that the treatment of laryngeal or throat cancer can have side effects such as loss of ability to speak or swallow, difficulty breathing, and decreased overall quality of life.
Therefore, it is important for patients to discuss treatment options and potential side effects with their doctor before making a decision.
Need help with throat cancer treatment?
Dr. Lech, an otolaryngologist, can assist you.